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Avocado

Avocado - Vegetables 


Description

Originally from Mexico, the avocado (also known as avocado pear in other countries) is the fruit of the avocado Persea Americana, a tree of the Lauraceae family.

Origins

This fruit comes from Mexico, consumed by Mesoamericans for 8,000 years. It was imported to Europe by the Spaniards in the seventeenth century. It took 300 years to be properly introduced into the French cuisine.

Characteristics

It is a particular fruit called climateric because its ripening, like that of bananas, is associated with ethylene production. The avocado is a large berry containing a single seed called the nucleus. Among its varieties of greater consumption we find those that are similar in size to those of large lemons, which weigh between 150 and 250 gr., but there are even larger varieties and others in miniature, the latter are known as cocktail avocados. Although the inflorescences contain a large number of flowers, only one fruit grows in each one, and its clusters are exceptional. The avocado is connected to the branch through a somewhat long peduncle, formed from the axis of the pruned inflorescence of the other flower peduncles. There are three main varieties, the most popular being the Hass avocado.

Other Facts

The word avocado comes from the spanish avocado, which in turn comes from the Nahuatl language ahuacatl, in which it means testicle, this because of the analogy they make to the form of the sex organs of male mammals. It was considered a luxury product, but in the American continent, where this fruit was extremely common, it was often considered la mantequilla de los pobres (spanish for poor man's butter).

Production

Today the avocados found in the markets of France come mainly from the Antilles, Africa, Australia, Israel and Spain, but also from Corsica, where there are several plantations. Mexico continues to lead as the world’s leading producer of this fruit (covering 30% of the world production), as well as the main exporter and first consumer.

Seasonality of the product
JanuaryJ
FebruaryF
MarchM
AprilA
MayM
JuneJ
JulyJ
AugustA
SeptemberS
OctoberO
NovemberN
DecemberD
Grades
Ettinger / 250 à 350 GFuerte / 250 à 400 GHass / 12 / 306 à 365 GHass / 14 / 266 à 305 GHass / 16 / 236 à 265 GHass / 18 / 211 à 235 GHass / 20 / 191 à 210 GHass / 22 / 171 à 190 GHass / 24 / 156 à 170 GHass / 26 / 146 à 155 GHass / 28 / 135 à 145 GHass / 30 / 125 à 135 GHass / 5 / 80 à 125 GNabal / 300 à 500 GPinkerton / 300 à 400 GReed / 350 à 500 G