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Pineapple - Exotic Fruits 


Ananas Comosus is the cultivated plant that produces the fruit known as Pineapple. This shrub belongs to the family of Bromelias. It is also known as Ananas or American pineapple.


The Comosus pineapple is native to the tropical or subtropical regions of South America, probably from Paraguay, Uruguay and Brazil. However, although it has been cultivated and selected for millennia, its botanical species of origin remains mysterious.


Some of these fruits can weigh up to 2 kg, and usually have an oval shape protected by a hard skin and scales, with an upper end decorated with showy green leaves like a crown. Its pulp is yellow, barely fibrous, sweet and acidic, very fragrant. When the pineapple is ripe its pulp is firm but flexible, the leaves can be pulled off with a strong tug and the aroma is more intense at the bottom. It is consumed fresh and preserved. It is commonly used in the West for desserts and salads, but increasingly as a sweet ingredient in Eastern food preparations, and numerous industrialized by-products such as tropical juices, yoghurts, ice-creams and jams are also produced.

Other facts

For a long time the pineapple was a fruit highly appreciated by the noble classes and exalted as a symbol of elegance and hospitality. But it was only at the beginning of the eighteenth century that the first crops were obtained in Holland and England, and thus their production gradually spread throughout Europe.


Pineapple accounts for about 20% of global tropical fruit production. It is the second most cultivated exotic fruit on the planet after bananas. Thailand and the Philippines are the two largest producing countries in the world, with a harvest of about 12% of the total. Then there are Nigeria and Ecuador, whose production is destined for their own domestic market. In contrast, world pineapple exports are dominated by Costa Rica, which alone accounts for 66% of this market.

Seasonality of the product
11/13 (1100-1300 Gr)13/15 (1300-1500 Gr)15/18 (1500-1800 Gr)18/22 (1800-2200 Gr)5 (2150-2500 Gr)6 (1800-2150 Gr)7 (1500-1800 Gr)7/9 (700-900 Gr)8 (1280-1500 Gr)9/11 (900-1100 Gr)A8 (1501-1800 Gr)A9 (1100-1280 Gr)B10 (1101-1300 Gr)B9 (1301-1500 Gr)C12 (900-1100 Gr)D14 (700-900 Gr)Victoria 1 (400-600 Gr)Victoria 2 (600-800 Gr)Victoria 3 (800-1000 Gr)