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Mango - Exotic Fruits
DescriptionThe mango is the fruit of the large tropical mango tree of the Anacardiaceae family that bears the scientific name of Mangifera Indica.
OriginsThe mango is native to the forests of India, Burma and Pakistan and still grows wild in its regions of origin. The mango takes its name from the Portuguese manga, taken from the malayalam māŠga, which derives from the tamil māl'gāy. This fruit occupies a prominent place in the Buddhist religion as the Buddha himself received a mango orchard as a gift that allowed him to ensure its existence. It is this same religion that has transmitted this culture around the world since the 5th century B.C. It was the Chinese pilgrim Xuanzang who would have taken it to his country after his trip to India.
CharacteristicsThe mango is a fleshy fruit that can weigh from 0.3 to 2 kg. In botany, it is a drupe whose pulp adheres to a wide, flat and slippery bone. It can be round, oval or reniform, and has a yellow, green or red skin, which must be removed before eating, as it is not edible. Its pulp is dark orange or yellow, unctuous and sweet, with a delicate taste of peach and flower. This fruit is called climateric, that is, it continues to mature after harvesting.
Other factsMango is the national Indian fruit. Wild mangoes are the fruits of other species, of the genus Irvingia. Its fruits are green stained black, and the flavor of its pulp, although different, is also tasty. In Burail, in the state of Punjab, grows a famous 20-metre-high, 10-metre-circumference mango, producing only 17 tons of mangoes a year.
ProductionThe Indian production is almost entirely consumed on the domestic market. The main producers of this fruit are, in order of importance, India, with a harvest of 20 million tons, China with 5 Mt, Thailand with 3.5 Mt, Indonesia with 2.1 Mt, Mexico, Pakistan and Brazil. France harvests a total of 3,560 tons, of which 300 are produced in Guadeloupe, 110 in Martinique, 1100 in French Guiana, 1600 in Réunion and 450 in Mayotte. The mango is, next to the banana, the second most consumed tropical fruit in the world.
Seasonality of the product