Lemons, world production

Published on Friday 22 November 2019 07:47
Lemons, world production

In France, there was a 15% decrease in supply of lemons compared to last year. However, there is no price surge, and the lemon market remains stable. The fruits currently under negotiation are of good quality. A big portion of the lemons sold in our country are spanish lemons. 

In the Netherlands, the supply is dominated by the Primofiori lemons, although the highest caliber fruits are not yet available. 

In Germany, the turkish supply dominates the wholesale market. This supply is completed by fruits coming from Spain, South Africa, Cyprus, and Italy. This supply satisfies the demand, so that the prices stay stable. However, a gap in prices exists. Italian lemons are more expensive and lemons coming from Cyprus are less pricey. 

In Spain, the harvest and the exportation of the Primofiori lemons has been on the rise due to the market conditions. This country is number one in Europe for lemon production. Last year, Spain produced a total of 1.1 million tons, although 18% less than the previous year. However the actual balance is a result of the fact that the available supply drives lemon prices down.

In Italy, the year has been bleak due to the weather conditions in the spring. This weather did not cause a shortage of summer fruits, but the lemon supply was at its lowest level. Furthermore the rarity of water could reduce the pollinating season in the future. Lastly, Mediterranean growers, including Sicilian growers, have been confronted by a fungal disease called “le Mal Secco”. 

In Turkey, because of the elevated temperatures which occurred during the flowering period, more than half of the lemon harvest was lost. 

In China, the last harvest suffered heavy rainfalls. The quality was not up to par, which was not surprising. Given the fact that supply suddenly jumped, the prices were revised and severely dropping while luckily the exports to the countries in southeast Asia resumed. 

In the United States, the reduction of the harvest in Turkey was unfortunate for the growers because Ankara could have taken advantage of the opportunity to export his lemons to the american market. The Importers of the east coast think that maritime transport is cheaper than the trade route by road of products coming from California. A combination of all these factors causes prices to rise, because the demand for lemons is not flexible, it’s constant.

In Mexico, the beginning of the season has been difficult for lemons because of strong competition by Chilean fruits on the american market. Let us remember that the North American market is the flagship market for mexican growers and exporters. 

In Argentina, the volume of production continues to develop from one year to the next. After fifteen years of absence, Argentina wants to regain lost ground on the american market. The argentinian are staying confident because their lemons are high quality. 

In Australia, the exportations which include limes, progressed by 68% last year. The main destination for australian exports remains Indonesia. The total australian production progressed by 16%, but in value it suffered an erosion of 3%.

In South Africa, the exportations are well underway. The country just set a new record with 332,000 tons of lemons exported last year. The countries which have been the most profitable export markets for South Africa are; the Netherlands with 41,000 tons, the United Arab Emirates with 30,000 tons, Saudi Arabia with 30,000 tons, Russia with 27,000 tons, and the United Kingdom with 21,000 tons. 

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